Thursday, May 21, 2020
The Founding of Our Nations Government The Articles of Confederation were extremely important in the founding of our government today. The Articles gave us a sort of good base to start from, and was ground breaking in the shaping of our new nation. The Articles of Confederation were written by a Second Continental Congressional committee during the early part of the American Revolution in 1777. A report of the proposed articles was presented to the committee by John Dickson (committee head) just eight days after the signing of the Declaration Of Independence. The fear of the 13 colonies was to have a powerful central government, as they did in Great Britain. The Articles were changed drastically by the Continental Congress beforeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦On February 21, 1787, the Continental Congress resolved that: #8230;it is expedient that that on the second Monday in May next, a convention of delegates who shall have been appointed by the several states be held at Philadelphia for the sole purpose of revising the articles of Confederation#8230;The original states except Rhode Island, collectively appointed 70 individuals to the Constitutional Convention, but a number did not accept or could not attend. Those who did not attend included Thomas Jefferson, Richard Henry Lee, Patrick Henry, John Adams, Samuel Adams, and John Hancock. In all 55 delegates attended the Constitutional Convention sessions, but only 39 actually signed the Constitution. The delegates ranged in age from Jonathon Dayton, aged 26, and to Benjamin Franklin at 81 years of age, who was very sick at the time. The plan of the delegates was to remedy the defects in the Articles of Confederation, but Virginia delegates had a new idea in mid and boldly proposed the Virginia Plan, which introduced a whole new national government instead of the confederation. The New Jersey Plan was also presented as an alternative, but it was based mainly on autonomous states being represented by a single chamber. When bicameral legislation was approved it effectively made the decision for the Virginia Plan, and allowed for the NewShow MoreRelatedRespecting The Founding Fathers919 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesestablishment of our nation, the founding fathers have been looked upon with veneration. The numerous monuments throughout the country dedicated to these courageous men demonstrate their lasting dignity in our society. These men were exceptional leaders who played a substantial role in American history and tremendously shaped our country for the better. They gave us some of our most beloved documents, led the way to our freedom from Great Britain, and provided us with the foundations for our current governmentRead MoreInfluence of the Founding Fathers Essay981 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesKAP political science nine weeks term paper The growth of a new nation can be a great struggle. Our founding struggled to form a perfect nation through the enactments of The Articles of Confederation, The Constitution, and also The Federalist Papers. They struggled to make a document that they could depend on in times of need, and the constitution was the one that really set the line and challenged the government to near perfection. Something can never be perfect thats why the federalist papersRead MorePresident Lyndon B Johnson s Speech1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfollowed many of the basic principles put forth by our founding fathers in the Declaration of Independence and in the United Sates Constitution. The United States of America was founded upon the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution these documents were drawn up by our founding fathers. The two documents have different purposes, the Declaration of Independence was used to declare independence from the British rule and the Constitution declares our liberties that are granted to all United StatesRead MoreThe Founding Fathers Of The Constitution1552 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In our society today, we have a government that was made the founding fathers of the constitution. The founding fathers created the way, our government is by making the constitution. As a society, individuals give up rights in order to feel safe and not have one branch of government to control our government. This is why the framers created the bill of rights, so that individuals would have their rights protected. Did the bill of rights always protect the rights given to the people? During timesRead MoreThe United States As A Democracy1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe United States is usually recognized as a liberal and ideal place to live by most people and countries because of their development of their single most powerful form of government, democracy. The very citizens of the United States believe that it is in their hands to influence all order and management of their beloved and praised country, however, the realism in this system has been blinded by their own people. The United States, though it may seem like a democracy because it emphasizes delegatingRead MoreThe Federal Debt Of The United States Of America1543 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthat the national debt continues to grow to this day it totals to around 18 trillion dollars which makes me think what our future holds, the time to act is now. What would our founding founders think about our debt, they left our system for us to follow not to make it worse. What do we need to do as a nation to make sure we arenÃ¢â¬â¢t slammed with the mistake taken by your government officials and PresidentÃ¢â¬â¢s. The brainchild behind the national debt was Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of theRead MoreThe Constitution And Bill Of Rights877 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescolonies started to fight for their freedom from the King of England. The founding fathers wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦the purposes of government are to promote justice, to maintain peace at home, to defend the nation from foreign foesÃ¢â¬ ¦. and, above all, to secure the Ã¢â¬Å"Blessings of LibertyÃ¢â¬ For Americans,Ã¢â¬ (Ginsbery, 2015 29). The constitution and Bill of Rights American citizens of the 21st century have grown up with was not the original idea our founding father created. As the Constitution developed in the late 18th centuryRead MoreTo What Extent Must Our Laws That Which Govern The People, Change Or Adapt With Their People?1354 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTo what extent must our laws that which govern the people, change or adapt with the people? In an ever-progressing world is it feasible to rely on the same gover nment that once lead our founding fathers? Is it even possible or reasonable for a nation to remain governed by the same laws that allowed slavery, unequal protection, and severely limited our rights of privacy? History has answered these questions for us: no. But before these changes even occurred, Thomas Jefferson asked the same questionRead MoreAlexander Hamilton s The Federalist No1280 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAs one of the Founding Fathers, Alexander Hamilton wrote the Federalist No. 23 The Necessity of a Government as Energetic as the One Proposed to the Preservation of the Union expressing his view on the weaknesses of the Articles of the Confederation therefore showing that he would propose an idea that will facilitate the current issue that America is facing, issue about the national security and relationship with other nations. The discrepancies of the Articles of Confederation depict the currentRead MoreAnalysis Of The Article The Federalist Papers By James Madison Essay 1372 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUpon its founding in 1776 the United States has undergone two constitutions, the first being the Articles of Confederation, with the second being our modern Constitution. The Articles of Confederation was adopted on November 15, 1777 and ran the country until June 21, 1788; the date our constitution was ratified. The intentions for our constitutions, according to our Founding Fathers, was to limit and govern the powers of those who limit and govern the state itself. Upon the ratification of the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In Kurt VonnegutÃ¢â¬â¢s story, Ã¢â¬Å"Harrison Bergeron,Ã¢â¬ everyone is made equal by the United States Handicapper Genera1 while the country is under totalitarian control. Handicaps are forced upon the people by the Handicapper General to create an all-equal society. The character George Bergeron is forced to stay equal by the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s laws of equality while his wife, Hazel Bergeron, is of only average intelligence, and consequently not given a handicap. Their son, however, has broken the laws of equality and is fugitive of the United States Handicapper General. The conflict between the United States Handicapper General and the Bergeron family helps to establish and develop the theme of a false perception of equality. George and Hazel BergeronÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This shows that George and Hazel are not really equal because even though George no longer has an advantage over Hazel, she now has an advantage over George. She is not confined by the Handicapper General like he is, but is free to go about her day naturally, while he is confined to an inferior quality of life. This false perception of equality allows for the government to rule without obstruction or protest from their citizens because they are more intently focused on building a community that is better for all and less focused on the tyrant government that now exists in the democratic country. Their son sees this tyranny and causes heart ache for the citizen and the government. George and HazelÃ¢â¬â¢s son, Harrison Bergeron, develops the theme of the false perception of equality. Harrison Bergeron knows that he is unequal and rebels against the government, so that he can take over and become Emperor: Ã¢â¬Å"Nobody had ev er borne heavier handicaps. He had outgrown hindrances faster than the H-G men could think them upÃ¢â¬ (1202). He is required to wear more constraining obstructions because the government is in fear of a rebellion, but even with the stronger handicaps Harrison is able to escape from prison and continue his plot to overthrow the government. As Harrison barges into the theater with all his handicaps on heShow MoreRelatedInequality2240 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesPeople are unequal and we should not treat them equally. What is equality? Equality is a state in which every living person is given the same number of opportunity to vent out their ability to its fullest, regardless of gender, race, wealth, religion, and so on. However, in the world of capitalism and libertarianism, people cannot be equal. Each person is born with different amounts of wealth and contrary aspects both physically and mentally, no matter how much people fight for equal humanRead MoreThemes Of The American Dream In The Great Gatsby1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAmerican Dream holds. The American Dream highlights equality and is the quintessential idea that all humans are equal. However, this idea is perceived as an illusion. Due to the social strata, humans are accordingly placed in a hierarchy based on status and wealth. This is clearly evident in the separation between East egg and West egg, two different settings in the novel. The author uses these settings to symbolize false perception of equality and attempts to disprove the ideal that is the AmericanRead MoreComposers Craft Novels in Order to Confront the Key Issues of Their Own Context. Discuss How the Authors of to Kill a Mockingbird and Montana 1948 Achieve This Purpose.14 07 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesexperienced in society and to enlighten societyÃ¢â¬â¢s current perceptions. Both authors desire to educate responders about the destructive nature of prejudice that disenfranchised individuals experienced and that the corrupt actions of empowered individuals can lead to the detriment of failing to achieve justice. Through narrative voice, contextual features and character development, Lee and Watson achieve this purpose of challenging responders to confront the fundamental issues that society has disregardedRead MoreEquality for African Americans After writing my newspaper article on the NAACP, I realized that800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEquality for African Americans After writing my newspaper article on the NAACP, I realized that the African American community needed a renewed sense of belonging, like all the other communities have in this day in age. This sense of being is better known as equality. WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s dictionary defines equality as having the same rights, social status and opportunities as others. The African American community has yet to reach a plateau were they are seen as equals. Equalities for African Americans areRead MoreRacial Predujice toward Minority Groups1564 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRacial prejudice toward minority groups has been a problem throughout all of history. While overt racism and prejudice may be diminished from the days of our dark past, covert racism is very much alive. Society loves to embellish on how far the country has come in the fight against racial prejudice by highlighting significant events such as having the first black president. Yet there are still too many instances of subtle racism. In 2011, t here were almost 700,000 incidents of stop and frisk policingRead MoreConflict between Canada and the First Nations Essay1139 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesway of life. But between the years 1945 and 2010 there have been many changes involving interactions with the First Nations people. Some changes were good, but most of them were bad. Canada does not deserve to be known as a nation that demonstrates equality because it has not given the First Nations people equal rights to their land, it was discriminatory to their culture and way of life, and it has denied them of a safe and legitimate education. From 1945 to 2010 Canada treated the First Nations peopleRead MoreGender Inequality In Australia Essay1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshave been deeply imbedded within AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s social foundation, and although society has gradually shifted away from these roles, evidence suggests that this gender inequality still riddles the modern day workplace. Liberal feminist groups have embraced this issue, and have classified it as being a true barrier to achieving the ultimate gender equality goal. Consequently, these liberal feminists along with general society propose that it may only be through further legal reforms comparable to theRead MoreThe Allegory Of The Cave By Plato1511 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesideas of knowledge and illusions. These illusions and false perceptions are analogous to a veil or a curtain that we can break through to find further truth in our reality. While separated by time, these authors are able to come to a similar understanding in their philosophies by what seems to be a universal theme of the human experience and our false discernment of truth. Bacon depicted these shadows in a more relatable manner to the society we live in today. His writings talk about four idols thatRead MoreA Critical Study Of World Religions By Craig Martin886 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmethods in which religion disrupts class equality. He succeeds by using intelligible explanations, arguments, and examples to skeptically understand how man is shaped by religion. Martin uses a functionalistic approach to understand the role religion plays in society, exploring each object with hermeneutical suspicion, believing, for the sake of this study, that any supernatural claims are false. By exploring such concepts as classification, structured society, and habitus, Martin explains how Ã¢â¬Å"weRead MoreThe Ways Oppressions Are Carried Out1481 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesoppressions are carried out, and how they are being dealt with. When society is confronted with those who suffer from a mental illness, people are often uncomfortable and desire to shy away from interactions with them. This is a clear indicator of the stigma that emanates from mental illness. Stigmas are belief systems involve false ideals about a certain group or object. A stigma is developed over a period of time as people circulate false information and ideas about something. The stigma associated with
Legal moralism has been a principle that prohibits people from acting or engaging in things which are detrimental to the society with the use of laws and its enforcements. This includes laws which prohibit certain actions that can lead to several problems that may affect the whole social fabric. Such laws include those that prohibit the use of illegal drugs, prostitution and abortion. We will write a custom essay sample on The Principle or any similar topic only for you Order Now This actions or engagement in this type of acts may most likely affect the citizens in a rather negative matter that could destroy not only the participating individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life but also the lives of the people around him. In line with this principle is a principle that shall limit a personÃ¢â¬â¢s liberty through the use of customary rules prescribed by the society in which the person lives. It differs from the principle of legal moralism in the sense of Ã¢â¬Å"formalityÃ¢â¬ . Restriction of Liberty While legal moralism is concerned about constitutional laws, this principle is more likely inclined to the limiting effect of customary moral rules which are more effective than legal laws. This principle shall from this point onwards be referred to as customary moralism principle. This type of principle acts in the same manner that legal moralism does. However, as stated above, traditional moralism is more effective than legal moralism. Its effectiveness lies on the way that it has been formulated. Compare and Contrast Unlike most legal laws which determines the right and wrong inscribed as laws of the society, customary rules and traditions determines the right and wrong principles which lies in the culture of a society. These rules have been tested through time and generation by the whole society. This is the reason why these laws are easier to understand. People find it efficient since it was directed and made through the use of actual and practical experiences. Unlike legal laws which are mostly hypothetical and less pragmatic. Legal laws are made by an assembly of men that shall represent the whole society in a conference or convention. Customary rules are prescribed mostly by elders, who have more experience than the present generation. Since these rules are based and may differ in experience, they are not implemented in the society in a forceful manner. Instead, society shall pick what rules are still beneficial and applicable in the situation. Thus, customary rules undergo practicality checks, every time the rules are being implemented or are being followed. Society: Laws versus Tradition It evolves with the society. It represents the society. People are more inclined to follow this principle not because of its force but because of customs and traditions. For instance, the introduction and the success of organizations such as the Cosa Nostra which is more popularly known as Mafia, prevails even after there have been several legal precautions and actions taken. The Mafia is an organization which is generally against the fascist regime that dominates the Italian region. Since it is an organization, it has several guiding principles and rules that enable the group to grow and survive. Accordingly, the Mafia acts as a second government in areas such as Sicily. The rules that were constructed or enforced by the Mafia are followed more religiously than the laws enforced by the government. Omerta, a favorite law in Mafia is the law of absolute silence that denotes an individual could not say anything that would expose the Mafia. Even, if it means that they could be incarcerated, tortured or even convicted, it was believed that the Sicilians would not tell a word or would deny anything he knows. Legitimate TraditionalÃ Actions Actions which this principle might consider as legitimate are mainly actions which are traditionally been accepted by the general public that were made legal. In some country, prostitution is legal since it has been traditional. In the Netherlands, the use of Ã¢â¬Å"marijuanaÃ¢â¬ is legalized. There are also some countries that legalize abortion if the fetus is not more than three months. These types of prohibitions by the law rooted from certain traditional beliefs and customs of the people. Traditional moral principles which have legal counterparts could be interfered by the law. However, there are certain traditional beliefs such as burning of animals for sacrifices wherein authority and law has no right to intervene. Commonly, traditional rules which are considered as legitimate are those which promotes the welfare of the society. This are the societal norms which are approved by the government and are thus legalize. Thus, the legitimacy of any traditional action depends on which government or country an action was made. Traditional Moralism versus Harm Principle and Paternalism Traditional also to fraternities are hazing ceremonials and rumbles. If Traditional moralism would be used, this type of action would be normal. However, of course, this would create problems in the legal realm. In such case this kind of actions shall be controlled by the proper authorities such that this would not cause death or other mass violence. This action would either fall in the harm principle or paternalism. It falls in the harm principle since it must be controlled or even not permitted if it induces harm to other people. It falls under paternal principle because there are laws which prohibit fraternity violence in able to protect the members of the fraternity from injuries by refusing to recognize fraternities who are recorded to conduct delinquently. While legal moralism is against actions such as gambling and prostitution, traditional moralism permits them. In this regard, traditional moralism could be seen to fall under the harm principle. Traditional moralism could also fall under paternalism in the sense that it is a guide for action through rules set by the majority of the society in able to control certain actions that would negatively affect the society. Defense of Traditional Moralism I believe that traditional moralism could effectively restrict freedom in able to promote the welfare of a society since it is constructed through convention by the society. It is more likely to be more effective since it commonly involves the norm within the society. Although this might create several factions in the society that might create their own traditions and customs, this kind of interferences might not be able to make it through the main stream culture. Failing to do so, these actions would be considered as deviant by the society in which their actions are not permitted. Traditional Moralism can also be viewed as a principle that acknowledge and encourage liberty, more than restricts it. This is not arguable and may in fact be true, more likely when the legal rules is composed of laws which is not suitable and is not agreeable with the society. Such as laws which are imposed only by the government or by another government in a particular country. This could best be demonstrated on colonized countries or in war-stricken country such as Iraq. The laws that the American government may not be suitable or efficient in the society such as in Iraq; in such case traditional moralism would be more beneficial and applicable than legal moralism. Reference Leighton, P. (2007). Paternalism and Legal Moralism. Retrieved on November 14, 2007. Retrieved from: http://www.paulsjusticepage.com/cjethics/2-limitsoflaw/harmprinciple.htm How to cite The Principle, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Sociology of Deviance Ã¢â¬â Prostitution Essay Deviancy, undeniably, is the subject involved in the culture of the profession of prostitution. It defies the community standards that are set to regulate human behavior. In the course of this reading, we have included the deviancy analysis that involves prostitution culture.The majority of academic findings on prostitution have established the actual relationship between physical health, prostitution and risky behaviors. This concentration on disease and drug use does not only blur the whole picture of prostitution, but also distorts the realities of prostitution for many of these sex workers. Due to the objectivity and specificity perspective of most of these studies, they have neglected the assessment of what these prostitutes perceived as harmful and how they conceptualize and manage the risk. Deviancy progresses in these individuals as they sank deeper in their profession; however, these factors need to be critically analyzed in order to understand fully the situation of these s ex workers (Sanders, 2005 p.10).Throughput time, prostitution has greatly been viewed as a deviant behavior since it violates the standards of morality imposed by the religious sectors, local agencies, health principles as well as community perspectives. Moreover, society views these individuals as vectors of other deviant practices. The idea of selling body and offering pleasure or sex service has greatly dismayed the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s view; thereby, considering such behavior and the total profession itself as a deviant field.The paper deals with the issues associated in the deviancy perspective of prostitution. The issues are elaborated by different queries explained in this case.Describe why the behaviors of prostitutes are considered deviant or fails to conform to societal normDeviancy has been defined as the actual shift from a standard-norm conforming behavior towards a direct behavior alteration that is not accepted by society or viewed as unacceptable by the minor cultures. Pr ostitution is one of the unaccepted or deviant behaviors that originate from ancestral times. The society views the prostitutes as someone who varyingly, possess lowest status of life in the community. Essentially speaking, the main deviant behavior seen in the prostitutes is their willful selling of their body in exchange for material things.Prostitution is known as the oldest profession that has survived the every phases of human civilization. From the earliest times, this profession is known to render short span of pleasure for men accompanied by the right price. Prostitution came into existence in its first and Western variety in and around Mesopotamian temples. Morality has been a long time controversy among these issues that even the periods of earlier civilization criticize such profession.The society views these people as lowly individuals that succumbs the impurity of their behavior in order to obtain their living. Moreover, women are the only ones involved and recognized t o offer such service; however, with the advent of modernization, men have also entered the field of prostitution that caters not only for women, but also for males. Systems of prostitution progressed, and behold, age limit has gone down lower and lower until it reached pass the minorÃ¢â¬â¢s age. The problems of runaway youths and prostituted teenagers have greatly expanded resulting to variety of sexual scandals. Knowingly, the primary focus of prostitution varies and considerably, does not only revolve in the purpose of earning money but lot more deeper reasoning (Flowers, 2001 p.64).Unfortunately, prostitution has even become a channel of disease transmission especially in places with poverty occurrence. Street prostitution has been closely related to HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome) or AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) in the United States due to its linkage with forbidden drug usage. However, patterns of prostitution may vary from places to places, due to the infl uence of tradition, culture, race, environmental settings and community perspectives. The setting and types of prostitution also varies depending as well on the factors stated above.Ã Although it is almost impossible to come up with the exact data on the types of prostitution, some researchers have estimated that about 20% of prostitution in the United States occurs as Street Prostitution and the remainder is spread among massage parlors, bar prostitution, outcall services, and brothels. The influence of deviancy occurs higher in the streets than with other areas; however, it does not conclude that deviancies do not occur in those places other than the streets (Weitzer, 2000 p.103-104).These are some of the reasons why the society views such acts as deviant since, it defies the standard norms and standards imposed by various perspective that greatly influence the societyÃ¢â¬â¢s view and concept especially in terms of morality that consequently affects their view in prostitution .What is the societal norm or legitimate authority for regarding this person or group and their behavior as deviant?The legitimate authorities involve three domains that impose the values and the ought-to-be principle that governs the society. Any flaws from these imposed concepts are considered deviant. These domains are the society (involving standard governance and publicÃ¢â¬â¢s view), religion (involving the concept of morality and value for human being) and health (involving health-related issues that centers on prostitution is a contributing etiology).The society view the body as a respected and highest form of being that is able to rationalize and dominate. The concept and perspective involving the subject, human beings, is quite sensitive and requires utmost respect. As for them, human beings possess the highest form of pride that they even view their existence far more essential than any other living creatures. Unfortunately, prostitution comes in and portraying a lifesty le that seemingly comparable to animals, in terms of having sex with no considerations imposed. Such reasoning provides a logical rationale for the deviancy involved in prostitution.However, there are groups of people who wish to add the right to legal prostitution to the list. If prostitution were legalized it can hurt society, as well as the prostitutes themselves. The argument states that tests for STDs can be conducted if this profession is legalized. Moreover, taxes from these prostitutes can be obtained if their discreetness can be brought up through legalization. However, governmental policies consider such practice as a violation of human rights and basic moral principles, making such actions deviant to societal norms; hence, such legalization is indeed impossible to implement.In terms of theological perspective, the human being is believed to be the highest form of being, and a remnant of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s image. Such religious firm strictly holds on to the side of morality and its implementation in the society. Sex, in a religious perspective, is a gift from divine bodies that requires respect, appropriateness and divine blessing before conducting. The basic religious fundamentals, however, is tarnished and defied by practice of prostitution wherein the sex workers engages into intercourse without considering the value of their body, divine law that governs morality and principles that direct and regulate the norms of sexual act. Providing this statement proves another reasoning for the deviancy of this profession, prostitution.However, in another view, these prostitutes are perceived to be victims of consequences imposed by unpredictable situations encountered though-out life. The approach of the religious reformers to prostitution excluded the voices and perspectives of prostitutes and thus obscured the possibility that women were not victims and that perhaps women exercised agency in their choice to engage in sex work (Wahab, 2002).As for biologic and health conformations and standards, health is derived from varying view of every individual; however, in the case of prostitution, health is absolutely at-risk. People in prostitution usually suffer from serious neurobiological and personality disorders that hinder the formation of a cooperative working relationship. Moreover, this profession is known to be the primary vector of disease transfer that facilitates the channel of spreading Sexually Transmitted Disease and worst of all, HIV or AIDS. Their actions have defied the value of their own body in health perspective that induces risk in acquiring such cases. The health behavior portrays non-conforming actions thus, making these actions deviant.Why do these people engage in deviant behavior? Provide a detailed analysis and if possible alternate perspectivesPerspectives and probably ideation of causes of prostitution provides access in understanding the reason behind such deviant behaviors. In the current span of this profession, the viewed cause has evolved together with classical society towards millennial change. The former view that rationalizes the reasons behind prostitution involves the mere fact that women engage in such profession are sexually active and lacks control of their drive. Time passed by, and various reasons have been brought up creating multi-causational tree regarding the etiology of such practice.Interestingly enough, according to a former study conducted with subjects amounting to thousand prostitutes in New Yorks House of Correction on Blackwells Island, results has negated the evangelicals claim that seduction and male sexual aggression pulled women into prostitution. It has been found that only 15% of the prostitutes in his study listed seduction as the cause of prostitution. Indeed, more than one third of the study participants have reported having a personal inclination to prostitution, wanting an easy life, or ironically, being too lazy to work as reasons for entering prostituti on (Mullen, 2002).Especially in a country wherein work and financial matters are not that easy to obtain, prostitutes utilized this kind of profession in order to satisfy their financial needs, ironically, while satisfying as well the arousal needs of the customers. For prostitutes, this type of sex business provides them the easiest means in order to survive the high demands that are imposed to their financial capacities. This reason, however, does not apply to every individuals engage in such profession.For these prostitutes, the profession of prostitution is not a career choice. More often than not, it is a womans last choice. According to surveys conducted, the majority of these women have suffered some type of mental or physical abuse in there lifetime. A survey of prostitutes in the San Francisco area showed that 75% have been physically or sexually abused as children. The women who become prostitutes have mental scares, which blind them from reality. Legalization would not he lp these women, but it will only encourage their defiant behavior. Moreover, the abuse many prostitutes suffered early in life is also found in their profession. Another survey of prostitutes found that 82% have been physically assaulted, 83% have threatened with a weapon and 68% have been raped. There is no amount of regulation that can protect these women when they are alone with their clients. They are putting themselves in the most vulnerable position imaginable (Mullen, 1999).How do these deviants view their behavior? Do they regard their deviance as a one-time aberration or see it as a deviant career?Individuals vary among their perspectives and concepts related to their current estate; similar to that, prostitutes possess their varying perspectives and reasons for involving themselves in a job like such as this. As stated in the latter section, such scenario is the last option of every individual. Prostitutes resort to such kind of profession in order for them to earn their l iving in an easy and most flexible way for them. In fact, there are three broad major reasons way prostitution results. First, it becomes a product of a negative scenario that occurred in the past especially during childhood, which is the behavioral forming stage, that triggers such defiant behavior. Second, for easy financial source in order for them to meet the financial demands imposed to them, they sell their bodies in exchange with materialistic gains. Lastly, depression and rebellious behavior that triggers defiance towards the imposed societal norms (Kuo, 2002 p.112).Prostitutes possess sensitive emotions especially when dealing with their reasons for entering such profession. Another fact is, most often than not, these individuals tend to view their field more like a career of profession and not just a one-time transaction. In some cases, they even possess their regular clients whom they regularly provide service. However, even with this easy business that they are acquiring , psychological assessments performed to these individuals reveal that they possess hurts, depression and inferiorities in their professions. Self-actualization, love and belongingness, and self-esteem are the common angles afflicted by such profession (Flowers, 2001 p.71). In a broader sense, the defiance of prostitution does not only cause physical harm but most especially emotionally, socially, and psychologically.What impacts does this deviancy have on various members of society and society as a whole?Society connotes this deviant behavior as channels of inappropriate sexual service. As a whole the society, greatly discriminate such individuals who enter in this kind of profession. Ridicule, shame and discrimination are the undeniable statements that the society provides for these prostitutes. The reigning perspective over this type of business provides discrimination not only to the person itself but also to the whole family and relatives involve with the person. The society fi gures that since, the primary and initial training zone for child development, family or relatives responsible for upbringing are the inducers of such behavior. However, this mentality is not always true in reality, although discrimination is really present.Due to the fact that these situations and treatment are present, the deviant behavior of these individuals is suppressed until they encounter the customer itself. This causes these individuals to be discreet in terms of their exposure to the public in order to avoid further discrimination. However, this does not apply to every situation as prostitution varies still among every individual. In some cases, a person even possesses a decent profession but still renders to such services. Others expose themselves to the public without fear of ridicule due to various personal reasons rationalized by the individual. Hiding their identity from the public is one of their defense protocols in order to avoid such societal treatment.What are t he ways utilized by the society to respond or react to the deviancy?Some of the ways utilized by the public in order to respond to the situation of such deviancy are the implementation of policies that prevents the expanse of prostitution, formation of groups that protect the welfare of these individuals from the claws of prostitution and public awareness. These steps are the most evident features available in the society in order to halt the progression of such so-called profession.In some countries, they have organized WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Groups and Agencies that protects women from abuse of prostitutions. It responds and provides their service in accordance with the policies ordained by the government with aims of halting down such self-abusive defiance. Aside from this groups and agencies, there are also rules and regulations imposed by the government, such as Illegal Prostitution Act, regulation of brother ownership, etc (Kuo, 2002 p.13).Provide an analysis of the deviant behavior f rom the perspective of one or two sociological theories presented in the courseLabeling Theory is also known as the Social Reaction Theory, which looks at the deviant behavior through labeling of the character in terms of being defiant. The process of labeling is related to the power and status of those persons who do the labeling and those who are labeled. Generally, those in power label the behavior of others as deviant (Kendall 2006, p209). The labeling theory stresses the social process through which certain acts and people are labeled as deviant. The society is one of the major contributors of label formation towards these individuals. Social Control agencies, such as the police, courts, and corrections, are created to label certain people as outside the normal, law-abiding society, which implies deviancy labeling.The formation of deviant identity is supported by the public by agreeing and solidifying the label imposed. Once labeled, the person is presumed by others to be devia nt, and they react according to the appropriate deviancy negative-feedback reactions. On the process of labeling, the society instills the definition of such action as deviant and in the end automatically influences the over-all belief pattern. The case of prostitution has been labeled by society as a deviant behavior involving the selling of their bodies and defying the moral principles. This is the reason for negative-feedback reactions, particularly by discrimination, ridicule and oppression, brought by the society towards this people (Cole Smith, p.50).Another theory to be utilized is the Subculture theory, which connotes that subculture, being one of the socially influential factors, has greatly affected the occurrence of prostitution. Such theory is related to the formation of a cultural environment that encourages or legalizes prostitution, and promotes lesser consequence towards this action. Since the individual view such action as legal and have lesser consequence, the ind ividual resort to such action. However, culture varies and viewed differently by varying cultures hence, if the culture of morality and prostitution collides, this is the time where discrimination and other socially related negative responses occur (Flowers, 2001 p.64).The view of public for this type of action is consequently related to the fact that individuals involved in a culture of prostitution are more likely to develop the deviant behavior. Cultural transmission is more socially related than biological in origin; hence, the development of such behavior occurs through the molding by the cultural environment made.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Children in the Military essays The old idea that a bigger army will defeat a smaller one just because of size is still prevalent in todays Democratic Republic of Congo military. I can see where these countries need the people because they lack the technology, but why do they have to start recruiting children? The Democratic Republic of Congo is recruiting children in their army for the sole purpose of numbers against numbers. No real skill is involved with the children recruiting, except that fact that they make good shields. Why do these countries need children in there armies? The Democratic Republic of Congo has bumped up there recruiting rate of children to an all time high because of the need of bodies in the current civil war. The article says, "Many battles are fought, and won, on the basis of simple numerical supremacy, and so the more children that a militia can recruit, the better it considers its chances of military victory.(Guardian) This idea of numbers in the army is how the armies win their battles. The Democratic Republic of Congo simply recruits children into their army because Children comprise more than half Congos population(Guardian). The fact that young children as young eight years old are being drafted into this military is outrageous, but the real shocker is what these children go through during their time in this military. Children in the army of the Democratic Republic of Congo go through horrific times and tribulations during their stay in the army. Many of these children arent just recruited, but also abducted and forced to serve in the army. There are countless reports of children being deceived by soldiers and abducted into their army. Once in this army though, their tribulations have just begun. There are many accounts of soldiers beating the children, using them as sex slaves, and inappropriate entertainment. The Democratic Republic of Congo army prefers having children in their...
Monday, March 2, 2020
Using YouTube in the ESL Classroom YouTube and other video sites, such as Google Video and Vimeo, are highly popular, especially with young adults. These sites also provide English learners and ESL classes with tools to improve listening skills. The advantage of these sites from a language learning point of view is that they offer examples of everyday English used by everyday people. Students can spend hours watching videos in English and quickly improve their pronunciation and comprehension skills.Ã There also are specific English learning videos. Using YouTube in the ESL classroom can be fun and helpful, but there must be structure. Otherwise, class might become a free-for-all. A potential downside is that some YouTube videos have poor sound quality, bad pronunciation, and slang, which can make them difficult to understand and less useful in an ESL classroom. On the other hand, students are attracted to the real life nature of these videos. By carefully selecting well-made YouTube videos and creating context, you can help your students explore a world of online English learning possibilities. Heres how you can use YouTube videos in your ESL class: Finding an Appropriate Topic Pick a topic that your class would enjoy. Poll the students or choose a topic yourself that fits in with your curriculum. Select a video and save the URL. If you do not have an Internet connection in class, tryÃ Keepvid,Ã a site that allows you to download videos to your computer. PreparingÃ for Class Watch the video a few times and create a guide to any difficult vocabulary. PrepareÃ a short introduction. The more context you provide, the better your ESL students will understand the video.Ã Include your introduction, theÃ vocabulary list, andÃ the URL (web page address) of the YouTube video on a class handout. Then create a short quiz based on the video. Administering the Exercise Distribute copies of the handout. Go over the introduction and difficult vocabulary list to make sure everyone understands what will happen. Then watch the video as a class. This will work better if you have access to a computer lab, so students can watch the video repeatedly. Students then can work on the quiz sheet in small groups or in pairs. Following Up on the Exercise Most likely, students will enjoy the video and will want to watch more. Encourage this. If possible, give students 20 minutes or so at the computers to explore YouTube. For homework, assign your ESL students to groups of four or five and ask each group to find a short video to present to the class. Ask them to provide an introduction, a difficult vocabulary list, the URL of their video, and a follow-up quiz modeled on the worksheet you created. Have each student group exchange worksheets with another group and complete the exercise. Afterward, students can compare notes on the YouTube videos they watched.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Relationship Marketing - Assignment Example In order to get a deeper insight into the matter, various concepts of traditional marketing and relationship marketing have been compared and evaluated. The slow decline of traditional marketing is a signal that marketers need to revive their strategies and shift their focus from suppliers to customers. The research will also throw light on the critical matter of relationship establishment and its influence as well as importance in overall success of relationship marketing. The topic will also discuss the emergence of relationship marketing as well as its fundamental values. This will be followed by a discussion on a strategic alliance between traditional marketing as well as relationship marketing. Finally, various application of relationship marketing will be discussed. Table of Contents Table of Contents 3 3 Introduction 4 The Case Study 4 Conclusion 11 Reference List 13 Introduction Economic conditions as well as market environment have changed dramatically, sometimes through qua ntum leaps and discontinuities. The changes are continuous and in some situations, are quiet progressive. A simple corollary to this announcement is that the marketing scholars and marketing practitioners will also have to change. This declaration is so evident that there is no denying as it comes naturally (Moller and Halinen, 2000). Traditional concepts of marketing are becoming desolate and marketers are in dire need of new strategies and technologies. The rapid evolution of consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ tendencies is accompanied with increasing complexities in understanding them as well as devising the right strategies to attract them. Services and products are offering similar services and consumers are now exposed to a host of available options. The reduced loyalty towards brands has created a new sensation among marketers and they have started shifting the focus of their marketing strategies towards relationship building with the consumers. Establishing relationship with the customers no t only helps in maintaining consumer base but also reduces the cost of attracting new customers every now and then. According to Gronroos (1995, p. 252) relationship marketing can be described as a way Ã¢â¬Å"to identify and establish, maintain and enhance network perspective, relationship with customers and other stakeholders, at profit so that the objectives of the partnersÃ¢â¬â¢ interest are met, and this is achieved by a mutual exchange and fulfilment of promises.Ã¢â¬ The purpose of the current research is to identify the paradigm shift from traditional marketing to relationship marketing and the reasons behind this shift. The paper will also evaluate the critical differences between the philosophies and concepts of traditional marketing and relationship marketing and how the application of these theories could contribute to the success in the present business environment. The Case Study Concepts and emergence The last half of the decade had faced barriers in case of intern ational trade and a host of firms have adapted global strategies for achieving competitive advantage. However, these benefits related to globalization are found to differ from organization to organization. To successfully create a global strategy and sustainable competitive advantage, it is very important to understand the nature and functioning of the industries in a global environment as well as the dynamics of relationship mark